I became attuned to my own inner body consciousness through the experience of living with scoliosis.  My spinal curvature was diagnosed in childhood, and I had to have surgery, and live for a year in a full-body plaster cast, when I was thirteen. This was a life-defining experience, of constriction, repression, many hard things. It also deepened my sense of empathy and made me aware of how much is hidden under the surface of the selves we present to the world.  

For the next twenty years, I lived my life, knowing that scoliosis would always be part of me but sure that my problems with it were in the past.  But it turned out that the uneven pressures of gravity had been bearing down on my vulnerable spine and constricted rib cage all the while, and eventually brought pain and disability into my life.


As I tried to understand the complicated rotational dynamics of my spinal curves, making art became a compelling need.  In an ‘aha moment’ in the early 1990s, an idea came to me: to conduct an in-depth artistic investigation of my own body and its unusual anatomy.

With all the limitations that scoliosis imposed, my body was still limber and flexible, expressive and attuned to interesting relationships with space, light, another body.  My work with anatomy-based movement practitioners, especially with master dance anatomist Irene Dowd, had made me more attuned to my proprioceptive, inner body sensors and signals, and more centered and balanced in my body.  We began drawing from Irene’s human skeleton, and I found myself fascinated by the intricate beauty of bones. 


Over a lifetime of x-rays, I had always been intrigued by these shadowy, mysterious pictures of my own inner body – but they seemed to belong more to the doctors than to me.  During the year of my surgery and cast, it had felt like I was sharing my body with doctors who, even though they were acting for my good, had caused me pain both physical and psychic – and the feeling didn’t go away once the medical experience was over.  

Putting my x-rays up on my own lightbox, and converting their flattened, black-and-white shapes back into three-dimensionality, I began to feel whole again.  It was powerful and emotional to draw my scar, my deformity – giving myself permission to explore territory I had long kept private, and to some extent even hidden from myself.      

Translating my inner body awareness into drawing, I could create visual images in space the way a dancer uses choreography … evoking that consciousness of the body that often lies just slightly below the level of articulated thought. 

my 3D spiral CT scan

my 3D spiral CT scan

As I got further into my project, I felt the need for better source materials, and I began to collaborate with orthopedic surgeons and radiologists to have medical images made for the purpose of art. It was exciting to art-direct my first x-ray!  Keeping my earrings and gold chain on (instead of, as usually happens, being made to take off everything metal) made me feel triumphant, and made the x-ray image more personal.  Working with doctors as an artist and fellow professional, I felt respected and seen in a way I never had as a patient.

Soon I was searching for a more three-dimensional medical imaging technology, and in 2000, thanks to Dr. Andrew Litt at NYU School of Medicine, I had a cutting-edge spiral CT scan with 3D volume rendering. It was a stunning experience to see my skeleton appear in 3D on a computer screen, after all the years I had spent trying to visualize it. (In 2008, when the technology could capture an even greater level of detail, I had a second spiral CT scan.)

I drew my figure from the outside first, in poses that came from my own vocabulary of movement, then made studies of the skeleton in that pose, using my 3D scan films and the human skeleton as references.  Once I had come to know the pose from inside and out, I put the elements together in a drawing that made the skeleton visible through the transparent surface of the skin.  

Drawing myself with my skeleton visible, in a lover’s embrace, felt healing: an acceptance from the person whose body I felt closest to. And perhaps the hands also signaled a degree of reconciliation with those who had touched and gazed: the doctors who had hurt me to heal me.  

Visible skeleton gallery